James J. Gallagher
James J. Gallagher (1926-2014) spent a lifetime advocating for gifted and exceptional children. He made numerous vital contributions to educational policy on state, national, and international levels. From 1967 to 1970, he served as the U.S. Associate Commissioner for Education and was the first Chief of the Bureau of Education for the Handicapped in the U.S. Office of Education. He subsequently served as the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Planning, Research, and Evaluation for the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW). He was influential in the passage of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (PL 94-142), which introduced the concept of the Individualized Education Plan (IEP) used in public schools throughout the United States to ensure appropriate education of children with special needs. During his federal career, Dr. Gallagher also approved the initial federal funding for Sesame Street, as well as for the development of closed captioning for television programming.
Dr. Gallagher contributed to groundbreaking efforts to establish federal policy and programs for gifted and talented students as well, including The Marland Report, National Excellence: A Case for Developing America’s Talent, and the National/State Leadership Training Institute. During his career, he served as president of the Council for Exceptional Children, the National Association for Gifted Children, the World Council for Gifted and Talented Children, and the North Carolina Association for Gifted and Talented.
Dr. Gallagher worked closely with then North Carolina Governor James B. Hunt on several initiatives to improve education in North Carolina. He was on the steering committee for the North Carolina School for Science and Mathematics, the first public residential high school for academically gifted students, a prototype for similar schools across the nation. He also was appointed chair of the North Carolina State Competency Test Commission. He co-founded STAGE, the Statewide Technical Assistance in Gifted Education network, which redesigned gifted education programs in North Carolina.
From 1970 to 1987, Dr. Gallagher served as the Director of the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, one of the leading institutes dedicated to research in early childhood education. He was a researcher on the Abecedarian Project, one of the first scientific studies to demonstrate important long-lasting benefits in academic performance in a cohort of children from lower socioeconomic circumstances. During his tenure, he served as Director of the Carolina Institute for Child and Family Policy and was director of UNC’s Bush Institute for Child and Family Policy. Until his death, he served as Senior Scientist Emeritus at the Frank Porter Graham Institute.
Dr. Gallagher published more than 200 journal articles and 39 books, including two seminal books: Teaching the Gifted Child and Educating Exceptional Children. He was the recipient of numerous national and international awards, including the Gold Medal of the American Psychological Association for Psychology in the Public Interest, the John Fogarty Award for Distinguished Government Service, and the Old North State Award (the premier award for public service bestowed by the state of North Carolina). Other awards include the A. Harry Passow International Award for Leadership in Gifted Education from the World Council on Gifted and Talented Children, the Distinguished Scholar and Distinguished Service Awards from the National Association for Gifted Children, the J.E. Wallace Wallin Award for Contributions to Special Education from the Council on Exceptional Children, the North Carolina Department of Education Lifetime Award for Exceptional Service, and the Peabody Award from the University of North Carolina School of Education.
Dr. Gallagher is the author of Leadership Unit: The Use of Teacher-Scholar Teams to Develop Units for the Gifted.